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How To Use Citations In A Research Paper

June 05, 2015 - Posted to Writing

Content how to use citations in a research paper

Research papers are a “fact of life” for college students. Fortunately, most have had some experience in high school and have at least a cursory understanding of how to produce a research paper. What they don’t realize is that, at the college level, the expectations are far greater, and so the guidelines for college paper writing need to be understood. Research papers in college will require the following “upgrades” from those in high school:

  1. They will require far more sophisticated source material, often primary, as opposed to secondary, resources.
  2. They will require thesis statements. If you have not encountered the concept of thesis statements for the research paper, then you will need to carefully review how thesis statements are devised.
  3. The expectations for research paper citation are far more stringent, and the risk of plagiarism charges much greater.

Purchase research papers is something that many students in college start to consider as they head towards strong results in studies.

 

The Issue of Research Paper Citations at the College Level

As you go through the process of learning how to create a research paper at the college level, you will of course need to review the new expectations for using citations in each work that you produce. Unlike your high school teachers, college instructors will not be “forgiving” if you make errors. And for each course in which you enroll, there may be a different research paper citation format required. In general, however, these are the “rules:”

  1. You have to give credit to authors whose ideas you have used or quoted. This gives your paper the “scholarly authority” that it needs to meet college level expectations.
  2. Common knowledge does not need to be referenced
  3. When in doubt “over-cite” just to be on the safe side. If you have any question about whether to cite or not, go ahead and cite.

 

­End-of-Text Citations – the Bibliography

No matter what format style may be required, these are the things that must always be included in a bibliographical citation. Your best bet, in order to prevent having to go back and hunt up citation information again, is to keep a note card for each resource you use, number it, and place that number on any content you take from that source. In general, however, as you review how to use citations in a research paper

  1. You must have the author and title of the work
  2. For books, you must have the place of publication, the date of publication, and the publishing company.
  3. For journal articles, you will need author, title of article, title of publication in which that article appears, the Volume and issue number of the journal, the date of issue and the page numbers.
  4. For electronic resources, you will need the same information as for a journal article, as well as the web address, the name of the database where it is found, and your date of access.

One of the great technological advances in the formatting of bibliographical citations is the existence of numerous apps that will now automatically generate a bibliographical citation, once given the information and the format style (APA, MLA, Harvard, etc.) that is required. What a time saver!

 

In-Text Citations 

Within the actual text of your paper, you will need to cite a source whenever you paraphrase the words, ideas, or concepts of another. And, of course, you must provide a citation whenever you quote an author directly. The details of the in-text citation are far less comprehensive than those for a full bibliographical listing and generally will require the name of the author and page number. If you are unsure as to how to do citations in a research paper within the paper itself, you will need to review a guide that relates to the format style that your instructor requires. While they are very similar across all formats, there are subtle differences, and some instructors are pretty picky about these formats.

 

Adjusting to the More Challenging Expectations of College Research Papers

It may take time and practice to become proficient in producing research papers at the college level, and it certainly might be a smart idea to get some assistance as you go through this learning process. There are great professional research paper writers at Grabmyessay.com who can provide invaluable help, from looking for unique research paper ideas, to helping you with developing a thesis, to doing the most appropriate research, to assisting with the composition, and, of course, to ensuring that the citation inclusions and formats are exactly as they should be.

You don’t have to stress out over college research papers and certainly not over the issues of resource citations. Take advantage of the professional help that is available!

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