Animal behaviour and food

Freshman (College 1st year) ・Anthropology ・APA ・1 Sources

1. The optimal theory helps explains animal behaviours when searching for wild food resources. If animals survive and die due to their foraging practices, then the course of natural selection has occurred. Surviving animals will contribute their genes to future generations. Foraging allows individuals to hunt for both small and large game as well as plant foods to support a low population.

2. The Slash and burn method was primarily utilised in forest and woodland environments to create a swidden. The method employs little or no technology and involves cutting down vegetation, allowing the pieces to dry, burning the piece of land, planting, harvesting, and fallowing. The last process is where land is ploughed and left unseeded for a season or more.

3. Silent trade is an exchange of goods without speaking. It was carried out by individuals who could not speak each other’s languages.

4. The Kula ring is an extensive system of intertribal trade among the inhabitants of a ring of islands off Papua New Guinea. It is a type of balanced reciprocity which involves larger social distance than generalized reciprocity and entails a clear obligation to return, within a reasonable time limit, goods of nearly equal value to those given.

5. Potlach feasting were competitive feats held among native Americans and were a form of redistribution. The activity primarily involved collecting goods from members and the giving out the goods in new patterns.

6. The Cargo system involved wealthy community members to hold religious and secular offices known as cargos. Indivuals within each level of prestige had certain responsibilities. They were held for a year and required the individuals to perform several societal duties, and pay for celebrations and feasts.

7. Monogamy – One man to be married to one woman at any given time

True monogamy – one partner for the whole lifetime

Serial monogamy – one partner at any one time

Polygamy – Permits plural marriages

Types of Polygamy:

Polygyny - marriage of one man to several women

Polyandry - the marriage of one woman to several men

8. Fraternal Polyandry is a rare practice where brothers marry a single wife. Tibet is a polyandrous society and the practice is done due to land shortage to keep their father’s land intact. It also occurs due to shortages of females, as well as husbands who are away from their homes for long periods.

9. Consanguinal kins are related by blood; affinal kins are not related by blood (Relatives by marriage)

10. Cross-cousins are children of one’s parents’ siblings of the opposite sex while parallel-cousins are children of a parent’s same-sex siblings(mother’s sisters, father’s brothers).

Long Essay

1. Forms of Economic Exchange

Forms of economic exchange include redistribution, market exchange, and capitalism. In redistribution, “goods are collected from or contributed by members of a group and then given out to the group in a new pattern.” Market exchange involves “selling of goods and services at a monetary price determined, at least in theory, by impersonal market forces.” Capitalism is a system where people work for wages.

2. Primary modes of production recognised by anthropologists include intensive agriculture – involving permanent cultivation, pastoralism –involving moving from place to place with livestock and hunting and gathering – who depended on the natural ecosystem for their survival. Communities practising each of the above include cultivation – Egyptians, pastoralists – the Maasai and hunting and gathering - the Khoi-san.


Nanda, S., & Warms, R. L. (2008). Culture counts: A concise introduction to cultural anthropology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.

Get a price
Academic level
Pages *275 words
Total price
$ 0 .00
$ 0 .00

Prices that are easy on your wallet

Our experts are ready to do an excellent job starting at $14.99 per page

What Clients Say About Us
Our Customers Rated UsGreat
Out of 5 Based on 357 Reviews
I experienced difficult times trying to complete huge number of assignments to my university at the same time and you, guys, literally saved me. Everything was done in time and on the highest level! I really appreciate your help.
Essay, History, 12 pages, 7 days, Master's
First time when I placed an order with you, I just lacked time to do all the homework and it was a lot going on in my family. But today I’m doing it sometimes just for fun – I really enjoy communicating with your Customer Support members and just letting myself being a bit lazy
Yuong Lo Mui,
Literature review, IT, 17 pages, 4 days, Master's
My GPA is 4.0 and I’ve always been doing everything myself, but there is a class which I was about to fail thus my GPA would decrease first time in so many years. I ordered few assignments to be completed with and you did a great job! Thanks to you I still remain one of the best students on campus.
Essay, Politics, 8 pages, 5 days, Junior
I am not used to such services and I usually write all the papers by myself. But this time I got in a very difficult situation and had to order my paper on this website. To my surprise it appeared to be quite good. Thank you, it is really nice service. Think I'll get back to you soon!
Thesis, Management, 34 pages, 14 days, Master's
I am on my maternity leave now, so I spend a lot of time at home taking care of my little son. I’ve decided to get one more higher education degree while I’m spending so much time at home and applied for distance learning in one online college. But caring a baby takes even more time then I excepted so I’m the way too busy to write the complicated masters level research works, but is so-so-so cool! Thank you for that you exist! I don’t know what I would do without you all!
Essay, Education, 15 pages, 8 days, Master's
I am studying and working at the same time and it is difficult to cope with university assignments as I am very tired after the work day. You service is a salvation for me as it helps to do everything on time. I am really happy about it. Wish you everything the best! Especially my lovely writer 109!
Coursework, Religion, 11 pages, 7 days, Master's

We at

work according to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which means you have the control over your personal data. All payment transactions go through a secure online payment system, thus your Billing information is not stored, saved or available to the Company in any way. Additionally, we guarantee confidentiality and anonymity all throughout your cooperation with our Company.

Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!   Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!   Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!  

Order Now