Pseudoscientific arguments and scientific thinking

High School ・Psychology ・APA ・1 Sources

The advanced statements in the study summary

The advanced statements in the study summary are in tandem with the theory of competing theories being ruled out. According to the theory, in order to determine the hypothesis that is better endorsed, results that are compatible with multiple theories require further study. Alternative theories that describe various data trends are important to recognize (Lilienfeld et al., 2016).

Porter's job and Dr. Grosz's perspective

In Porter's job, according to Dr. Grosz, despite the fact that people are drawn to those who take after their parents, there are others who marry people who are very distinct from their parents. This does not suggest that the original hypothesis is false. Rather, the alternative hypotheses explain that such people are rebelling from their parents. In the end, the parents remain the cause of attraction even to these rebellious people.

The correlation vs. causation doctrine

According to the correlation vs. causation doctrine, the association between two variables is not an implication of the cause and effect relationship. If a given pattern result is produced by measuring two things and then comparing them, it is impossible to conclude anything definitive concerning whether one of the things caused the other (Lilienfeld et al., 2016). The research description fails to follow this theory because it conclusively assumes that the parents’ personalities and physique composures are likely to influence the choice of partners in the future. It is contrary to the principle because it advances direct relations between the parents and the tastes of individuals towards their associates. In order to follow the principle, the research should eliminate the cause and effect insinuation through incorporating more variables affecting the choice of people in regard to their future partners.

The falsifiability principle

The falsifiability principle assumes that claims can be disproved. It is important to think of a manner in which to ascertain whether the claim is true or false. If the claim is advanced in such a manner that there lacks a good way of testing it, then the claim is not scientific (Lilienfeld et al., 2016). In relation to the research description, there is coherence with this principle. The rationale behind the argument is that research has shown that the children of tall and thin parents tend to be attracted to tall and thin partners. On the other hand, the children of the short and stout parents also tend to get attracted to shorter and heavier partners. It has been scientifically proven that a person is likely to be attracted to persons who have similar traits with the parents.

The overreliance on anecdotes warning

The overreliance on anecdotes warning argues that testimonials are difficult to verify and hard to generalize and fails to inform the cause-effect relations evidently. Statements brought up through data collection, analysis, and interpretation are more reliable than the approach of people. All people are entitled to personal opinions that are not necessarily reflections of the facts and truth nature of things on the ground (Lilienfeld et al., 2016). The study relies on the study conducted by Dr. Grosz. It is through data collection and subsequent interpretation that he concluded that people are likely to be attracted to people possessing the nature of their parents. If the data collected and analysis conducted by Grosz was thorough, it is arguable that the research is reliable and it reflects pure science in the findings.


Lilienfeld, S.O., Lynn, S.J., Namy, L.L., Woolf, N.J., Cramer, K.M. & Schmaltz, R. (2016). Psychology: From inquiry to understanding. 3rd Canadian edition. Toronto, ON: Pearson.

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