Architecture in Ancient Greece

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The extensive description of the Ancient Greek structures is the aim of this report. Building the structures then was done differently and this depended on the purposes to which they are meant for. Knowing more about the fundamental three structures is the primary aim. Alongside that, knowing how they were created and of course to which gods they were made for is also important. Furthermore, having a look at other small structures in Greek and observing them. Therefore, there is need to know how this composition has affected the type of structures that is being built in the modern world today. The most significant movements are the classic Greece Architectures. The Ancient Greece has been mimicked, replicated, and admired by many over the years since its early development are slightly surprising to one unfamiliar with the history of the state (Avery & Catherine, 1972).

It's crucial to comprehend the past and the mechanics of the ancient Greek architecture to accept its function, system, and attractiveness fully. The ancient Greek architects put up more efforts that lead to exactness and the trademarks of the Greek sculpture as well as the best workmanship that are in general. It is due to the formulas that they invented that influenced the architecture. Greeks are known to be the best in designing good looking buildings such as temples. They can devise different ways to create beautiful structures and put into work those buildings (Hemingway &Colette, 2003). The ancient Greeks are highly formalized characteristics of their construction and decoration.

Why Was Build (Importance of Ancient Greece Architecture?)

There are many reasons as to why the classical Greek Architecture was built. Firstly, was due to rationality and order which was the core part of the Greek Architecture. Most of the temples were according to the coding schemes of portions that were centered on the in which sculptural decoration were as per the coherent system.

It was determined symmetric under mathematics, the eye's choice, harmony. Though there was earlier architecture, for example, Egyptian pyramid architecture, the Greek structures are provided a bright and robust countenance of a coherent and a political architecture doctrine. Greek inventors used accurate calculations which were mathematical to regulate the breadth, tallness and other elements which are architectural (Lawrence, 1983).

Secondly, the classical orders were invented which was named the, the arrangement of Ionic, Doric arrangement as well as the arrangement of Corinthian as per the kind of capital, feature and the application of the entablature.

Thirdly, exquisite architectural sculpture that the architectures were commissioned sculptors to shape decorations, statues and many other architecture sculptures.

Lastly, due to the influence of other schools, most of the Greeks had unsuccessful counterpart the techniques formed in Roman architecture, but thrived in building the monumental and ancient Global was the most attractive structures (John et al, 1967). The use of their formulas had the most possible in influencing their proportions, aesthetics, and style. This is the same as the modern architects have been affected by the same Greek architecture procedures.

How They Were Build

Ancient Greek employed many styles, but the following are the main styles which include; Ionic, Doric and the Corinthian; these were different styles which are referred as the orders since they show orderly, coordinated and proportionate parts (Michael & Reynold, 1996). They served practical reasons as well as to show the beauty of the structures.

The commonly known was the rectangular temple which was of the form Greek public architecture. Most of the structures in the ancient Greek were in column and lintel form which is composed of straight beams. The origin of the style of the ancient Greek was in the simple wooden structures although were constructed with stones; they had upright posts and beams in which the two were apart in that they could form the opening between the two of them.

Many of this structures column and lintel were made mineral tubes that rested on one another with no cement except for some cases, they were centered with a bronze pin that made them much stronger hence could prevent them from collapsing(Michael & Reynold, 1996. Most of the lines at base were enlarged as compared through the peak. Every line had a center of double segments the higher segment and the center segment whereby the capital part raised from the column itself and was called entasis while the top part was mainly on the lintels, it was square and was called Abacus. The way they were build differed due to the different order, the Corinthian was foliate, and Doric order was understandable, fluted in the Ionic.

Since the columns were mainly the backbone of supporting the structure, they were raised in two ways, i.e., the entablature and the pediment. Central part was straight structural element was assisting the roof and encompassing whole structure; it comprises of three parts(John et al, 1967). Cemented on the columns are made of continuous stones lintels which are traversed the space among the columns and meet each other straighten top of the center of each column.

The windows and the doors are spanned with a lintel in which some stone structures had the potential thickness of the cavity. There is same detachment connecting the lines which change the character of the lines and the lintel on the outer part of the building as well the carrying stone lintel was closer together than those in the outer part of the structure that is made of the wooden lintels. For the case of the temples, they were windowless the entry of light was through the door only (Lawrence, 1983).

The masonry walls applied to the ancient Greek structures. All categories that used in the compositions of Greek with rubble, but the most beautiful masonry were employed for the fences in normal ways with big amount to reduce the connections.

However, the roof was another last part or the end part of the structures whereby in large buildings the columns are contained in the space that support the roof, this form of architecture is known as hypostyle. Initially, the design of Ancient Greece appeared to be constructed by use of wooden; it's because the earlier constructors had no idea of the diagonal truss stabilizing member. The row and the supporting lines to the roof cellar, go up than the external partitions, the nature of this temple acted as the evidence that the builders had no idea of the concept of the diagonal that resulted to unnecessary if the roof truss applies as an essential part of the wooden roof (Hemingway &Colette, 2003).

Due to their lack of devotions, they never wanted palaces. This was the reason made their structural design get dedicated to community structures like the central market, temples, the spherical variation that are small, monumental entrance, the council structure, the external theatre, the sports club, the impressive tomb, all these structures the temple captured the qualities of the Greek scheme.

To Which Gods Were Built For?

During the period of the ancient Greek, there more structures that were built and served many purposes and some of them were the Greek temples (Avery & Catherine, 1972). Even though they existed, were not used as places of worship but rather as monuments where their beloved gods and goddesses could be worshipped, for example, the temple of Greek which is the only standing temple.

These temples were the outstanding examples of Greek architecture, the temple of Hephaestus which dedicated to the god of metalworking and the craftsmanship. It's the best preserved Greek temple during the ancient time stands in the world today in which the architecture helped to design.

Most of these structures were built for different gods, for example, the construction of Parthenon was dedicated to the goddess of Athena, a goddess of wisdom, the Paestum was the oldest of the three and it was assigned to the goddess of marriage and childbirth and many others which include Erechtheum and the Doric.

Olympus was thought to be the home of the gods, the uppermost mountain in Greece (Avery & Catherine, 1972). There were most essential structures such as Zeus, which was the ruler of the sky and the supreme god, Poseidon that was known as the sea god, Demeter, harvest godless, the sun god, following of the rules, curative, curses reason, melody and poems among others.

Other Small Ancient Structures

Despite the fact that in Ancient Greek there were many significant structures, as well there were other little structures that were also built. For example, the Parthenon which is a small group of the Doric fabrics and it's about 30-60 meters. They are formed in the same way as the significant structures.

These small structures as well performed different functions in Greece, for example, the Distyle in Antis that was the little temple with the projecting walls of the porch or Pronaos that consisted two columns (Hemingway &Colette, 2003).

Another one was the Amphiprostyle tetra style that consisted ends which stand clear of the naos and had columns in both ends whereby tetra style meant there were four columns in number that was the same as that of the temple of the Ilissus in Athens.

Conclusion

In conclusion, architectural design in Greeks still has an impact even today. Through the study of history, it's very alike in design to that of the Greeks. The structures that were designed by the architecture served more purposes, and others remain as the integral part of the Greek people. For example, the temples that were built during the ancient Greek served many purposes one being Greek gods was dedicated to them. Therefore, the ancient Greek architecture left behind a legacy that is used till now in the modern world more so in Greek where their design of construction applies to the new structures that are put on a place. Despite the fact that in the ancient Greek architecture comprised of major structures, there also existed other small structures as well had different functions.

The influence of these structures in the ancient Greek architecture is still evidence to the modern buildings in that most of the structures in Greek are built by the use of the ancient Greek architecture.

Work Cited

Avery, Catherine B., ed. The New Century Handbook of Greek Art and Architecture. New York: Appleton–Century–Crofts, (1972).

Hemingway, Colette. "Architecture in Ancient Greece." In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-.http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/grarc/hd_grarc.htm (October 2003)

Lawrence, A. W. Greek Architecture. 4th ed., rev. By R. A. Tomlinson. Harmonds worth: Penguin, (1983).

John Boardman, Jose Dorig, Werner Fuchs and Max Hirmer, ‘‘the Art and Architecture of Ancient Greece'', Thames and Hudson, London (1967)

Michael and Reynold Higgins, A Geological Companion to Greece and the Aegean, Cornell University Press, (1996) ISBN 978-0-8014-3337-5

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