Cardiovascular Diseases and Healthy Lifestyle

Senior (College 4th year) ・Healthcare&Medicine ・APA ・4 Sources

The paper provides information on the significance of simple lifestyle changes in averting cardiovascular diseases. According to Aaron Carroll, heart disease is the number one killer diseases in the United States. The U.S. spends billions of dollars annually in purchasing medicines which are used to decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The genetic factor is a predisposing factor for the heart disease. Patients feel hopeless when their heart complication is a hereditary problem. However, recent research by Khera Amit and colleagues suggest a healthy lifestyle minimizes the risk of cardiovascular diseases even when the cause is hereditary (Khera et al., 2016). The study suggests that there are certain genes which are associated with heart diseases. If the genes are present in a person, their risk of developing a heart disease increases. Cholesterol can be controlled by eating a healthy diet and performing exercises.

Carroll believes that people who have embraced healthy lifestyle changes have a low risk of heart disease. The author's thinking was challenged by a study in the New England Journal of Medicine. The study stated that although genetics increases the risk of developing heart disease, it does not determine everything about the condition. The research added that healthy lifestyle changes lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases by half even when hereditary factors are in play. To minimize the risk of heart disease, a person should eat more fruits and vegetables, consume fish products, and whole grains. The person should consume less of processed meat, sodium or common salt, and sweetened beverages. If people could adopt healthy lifestyle changes, their predisposition to heart disease can reduce by half. Consequently, the government can save the billions of dollars that are used to purchase medications for cardiovascular diseases and use it for useful projects.

Evaluation of Sources

A study by Amit Khera and colleagues (2015) was included in the discussion. The study analyzes the connection between the genetic risk of developing heart disease and the effect of having a healthy lifestyle to the level of risk. The study is a peer-reviewed journal from the New England Journal of Medicine and was conducted following all the procedures of a study. The study showed a reduced risk of heart disease for participants who embraced the healthy lifestyle. The participants who consumed healthy diet had a reduced hazard ration while those who participated in regular physical exercises reported a decreased risk of cardiovascular diseases. The source provides evidence and not meant for economic gain. The publisher of the article aims at benefiting people through providing the necessary information for the change of lifestyle. The nutrition presented in the study include consuming a lot of vegetables, fruits and fruit salads, and eating white meat instead of red mean. The study also discourages heavy consumption of sugary beverages and drinks. The consumption of common salt should be kept to its minimum.

Through a healthy lifestyle, a person can lower the risk of developing cardiovascular complications. The study appears to have sufficient data that can provide substantial information and can allow for a generalized conclusion. The study used 11, 478 participants who had been diagnosed with cardiovascular complications. In the article, the author did appropriate research to obtain the facts about the cardiovascular disease and its connection to healthy lifestyle changes. The article included credible sources from professional sources. According to the study, the consequences of this examination bolster three vital conclusions. To start with, our information show that acquired DNA variety and way of life factors contribute freely to a helplessness to coronary supply route illness. Our finding that a polygenic hazard score has a strong relationship with coronary complications is very much lined up with past investigations of both essential and optional avoidance populations. Such discoveries bolster long-standing convictions that hereditary variations that are identifiable from birth modify coronary risk. Aside from slight contrasts in LDL cholesterol levels and a family history of coronary corridor malady, the hereditary hazard was free of generally measured hazard factors.

Second, a solid way of life was related with comparable relative hazard diminishments in occasion rates over every stratum of hereditary hazard. In spite of the fact that the outright hazard decrease that was related to adherence to a sound way of life was most noteworthy in the gathering at high hereditary hazard, our outcomes bolster general wellbeing endeavors that accentuate a solid way of life for everybody. An option approach is to target concentrated way of life alteration to those at high hereditary hazard, with the desire that divulgence of hereditary hazard can spur behavioral change. In any case, regardless of whether the arrangement of such data can enhance cardiovascular results stays to be resolved.

Supporting Sources

A study by Kotseva and colleagues (2016) support the idea that a healthy lifestyle lowers the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (Kotseva et al., 2016).


 I feel that the information in the article is reliable. The author provides credible information that shows the connection between cardiovascular disease and healthy lifestyle. Also, the author borrows knowledge from reliable sources to support his claims. The information in the article is not misleading and is not incorrect.


Carroll, A. E. (2016). The Power of Simple Life Changes to Help Prevent Heart Disease. New York Times.

Khera, A. V., Emdin, C. A., Drake, I., Natarajan, P., Bick, A. G., Cook, N. R., ... & Fuster, V. (2016). Genetic risk, adherence to a healthy lifestyle, and coronary disease. New England Journal of Medicine, 375(24), 2349-2358.

Kotseva, K., De Bacquer, D., De Backer, G., Rydén, L., Jennings, C., Gyberg, V., ... & Dilic, M. (2016). Lifestyle and risk factor management in people at high risk of cardiovascular disease.

A report from the European Society of Cardiology European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) IV cross-sectional survey in 14 European regions. European journal of preventive cardiology, 23(18), 2007-2018.

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