Disease That Are Known to Affect Psychological and Physical (Stroke)

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Disease that are known to affect psychological and physical (stroke) As a result of the research done in multiple sources, it was discovered that one of the ailments that can affect both the psychological and physical needs of people who have it is Stroke. This stroke originates from an interruption or decrease of blood flow into the brain. This in turn will lead to inability of blood to get into the brain, depriving the brain of oxygen and suffocating the brain in the process and eventually leading to stroke. Blockage or rupturing of the blood vessel conveying blood into the brain are common causes of interruption of blood supply into the brain. Ischemic, TIA and hemorrhagic are the three main classes of stroke. Note that the physical complications of stroke are numerous. Blockage of the artery causes ischemic stroke while bursting of a blood vessels causes hemorrhagic stroke while momentary interruption of blood movement causes transient ischemic attack (Mehrholz & Janet, 90).

Physical complications

The physical complications of stroke are the paralysis and numbness various body parts such as the face and limbs. The patients develop instant numbness and weakness on the face, the limbs normally on one side of the patient’s body. The patients may fail to see with both eyes as they develop blurred vision in the eyesight (Anderson, 67). The patient’s experiences a chronic headache that is flowed with nausea and even vomits. The patient develops dizziness. The patient develops constraints with movement or walking due to common instances of loss sudden shakiness, reduced balance or stability and even reduction in coordination. Paralysis of the muscle movement as a certain side of the human body may fail to works to lose of muscle capacity. Such actions are walking, ingesting and even dressing. Muscles in the mouth equally fail to work, and the patient may not swallow food. People who have once been affected by stroke may experiences pain, feelings of numbness and even other strange senses on their body parts, for instance, a disturbing tingling sense in that arm (Mehrholz & Janet, 90).

Psychological (mental) complications and needs

The patients develop confusion and limitation of speaking and comprehending communication. The constraint presents trouble on fathoming speech. The challenges of stroke may be prolonged, short or even fatal. The complications are either momentarily or permanent incapacities that vary with duration of the suffocation and lack of blood flow (Anderson, 67). Patients of Memory loss develop challenges of thinking and inability to remember past events. Several people with past stroke cases may not have proper judgments, outlined reasoning, comprehension of concepts and poor judgments. The patients also have the inability to control emotions and experiences cases of depression. It also creates trauma to the patients who have had such cases. The patients are more detached from the social nature, very impulsive and are always dependent on assistance from other people (Mehrholz & Janet, 90).

Lighting and Light control

The lighting and controls for a patient of stroke in a residential kitchen, dining room and a commercial office setting take consideration of the essence of the patient’s condition. It also considers other needs of the other people who walk in such as family members and health care workers in case the patients receive medication at home (Douglas &Mary, 9). The lighting design for a patient’s room is hard to create a lighting perspective since multiple needs must be considered. Despite any time of the day, the stroke patient must have a calm and stress-free atmosphere. The presence of such lighting promotes the safe healing process and well-being of the sick. Low lighting disrupts patients’ circadian rhythms and hampers sleep cycles causing insufficient levels of sleep, causes depressed mood, fatigue and affect the critical running of the body thus affecting the healing process of the body (Tregenza &Michael, 23). The people watching after the sick person must receive ample light to enable them to visualize, and present his roles effectively.

On the day, the presence of sunlight and additional intense, contrastingly cold ambient light with a significant portion of the blue light is the best for stroke patients. Such lights are common from the common lighting of Eira and by Pleiad Wallwasher striking on the opposite wall. Patient’s room should be radiantly colored since the wall color enables good reflection. The bright, striking rooms aid in the enhancement of the patient’s mood (Steffy, 45). The generation of such light causes suppression of the production of melatonin and enhances the release of cortisol thus causing vigilance on daytime. It is advisable that patients should be able to control their lighting and as such switches should be placed near the reach and at the door (Tregenza &Michael, 23).

The employment of the one accent lighting should focus and direct the light away from the patient's face or eyesight to prevent problems with sight. The use of profile lighting fittings is vital the construction of the accent. There are many brands of decorative luminaires in the market, and thus it is hard to select one. However, the best decorative luminaire should have long tubes, well shielded and decorated appropriately and one should be placed in the commercial office. The user should place close to the table and also near the door to enable easy control of Luminaires controls. Kitchen the kitchen should have a one fixed task lighting that directs light to the counters to enable cutting and preparation of food (Steffy, 45).

Works Cited

Anderson, Robert. The Aftermath of Stroke. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Print.

Douglas, Calbert H., and Mary R. Douglas. "Patient‐centred improvements in health‐care built environments: perspectives and design indicators." Health expectations 8.3 (2005): 264-276.

Mehrholz, Jan, and Janet H. Carr. Physical Therapy for the Stroke Patient: Early Stage Rehabilitation. Stuttgart: Thieme, 2012. Internet resource.

Steffy, Gary. Architectural lighting design. John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

Tregenza, Peter, and Michael Wilson. Daylighting: architecture and lighting design. Routledge, 2013.

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