DNA and molecular biology

High School ・Biology ・APA ・4 Sources

Molecular Biology

Molecular biology is defined as the procedure in which the DNA creates the RNA, and the RNA creates proteins which are described as a sequence hypothesis. The doctrine classification involves three general shifts that take place in most cells showing that DNA to be imitated to DNA which is the DNA replication and the DNA is imitated into mRNA. Also, the three special shifts take place but under the specific condition the RNA replication. Then the DNA is formed by the use of RNA template and the proteins directly from the DNA template without the interference of mRNA. Lastly, the three unknown shift that never takes place, like the proteins being imitated to proteins. (Morange, 2009)

Central Dogma of Molecular

It consists of transcription and translation. Transcription is the production of the RNA transcript of a segment of the DNA. The RNA polymerase synthesizes RNA. In the prokaryotic cell, the transcription and translation are hands in hand. In which the conversion begins by the mRNA being processed while in the eukaryotic cell transcription occurs in the nucleus and translation in the cytoplasm. In the prokaryotic cell since there is no nucleus to separate the process of transcription and translation whereas in the eukaryotic cell the transcription and translation are temporarily separated. Transcription is occurring in the nucleus to produce pre-mRNA that is synthesized to generate mature mRNA that exits in the nucleus and is translated to the cytoplasm.


Transcription is the process in which the information in the DNA is replicated by the messenger RNA and the enzyme that facilitate this process are RNA polymerase and transcription factor. Transcription starts with RNA polymerase bind to the general transcription factor and a promoter DNA then they create a bubble of transcription that separates the two strands of the DNA helix. RNA polymerase adds the RNA nucleotides then later in the eukaryotic cell the RNA is processed further. Lastly, the RNA may exist to the cytoplasm or remain in the nucleus. (Watson et., al, 2013)


Translation is where a mature mRNA gets to the ribosomes and gets translated. It occurs in the cytoplasm mostly in the eukaryotic cell where the processes are separated. In the ribosomes, they produce specific amino acids or polypeptide. (Mader et al., 2016). It has three phases the initiation process where the ribosomes assemble around the target mRNA to produce tRNA. Secondly, the elongation process of transferring tRNA to the next Condon and the last phase of termination to stop Condon and the ribosome releases the polypeptide. (Styer, 2002).


In conclusion, the central dogma molecular biology entails the process of the sequential genetic hypothesis of conversion of DNA to RNA to make proteins in which the mRNA is the messenger. It composes of two distinctive processes of the transcription and translation in the prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.


Michel Morange. (2009). The Central Dogma of molecular biology, 236-247
Stryer L. (2002). Biochemistry. W.H Freeman and company, 826
Sylvia Mader, Michael Windelspecht. (2016). Biology. McGraw-Hill education, 249.
Watson JD, Baker TA, Bell SP, Gann AA, Levine M, Losick RM. (2013). The Molecular biology of the gene 7th Ed. Pearson

Get a price
Academic level
Pages *275 words
Total price
$ 0 .00
$ 0 .00

Prices that are easy on your wallet

Our experts are ready to do an excellent job starting at $14.99 per page

What Clients Say About Us
Our Customers Rated UsGreat
Out of 5 Based on 357 Reviews
I experienced difficult times trying to complete huge number of assignments to my university at the same time and you, guys, literally saved me. Everything was done in time and on the highest level! I really appreciate your help.
Essay, History, 12 pages, 7 days, Master's
First time when I placed an order with you, I just lacked time to do all the homework and it was a lot going on in my family. But today I’m doing it sometimes just for fun – I really enjoy communicating with your Customer Support members and just letting myself being a bit lazy
Yuong Lo Mui,
Literature review, IT, 17 pages, 4 days, Master's
My GPA is 4.0 and I’ve always been doing everything myself, but there is a class which I was about to fail thus my GPA would decrease first time in so many years. I ordered few assignments to be completed with GrabMyEssay.com and you did a great job! Thanks to you I still remain one of the best students on campus.
Essay, Politics, 8 pages, 5 days, Junior
I am not used to such services and I usually write all the papers by myself. But this time I got in a very difficult situation and had to order my paper on this website. To my surprise it appeared to be quite good. Thank you, it is really nice service. Think I'll get back to you soon!
Thesis, Management, 34 pages, 14 days, Master's
I am on my maternity leave now, so I spend a lot of time at home taking care of my little son. I’ve decided to get one more higher education degree while I’m spending so much time at home and applied for distance learning in one online college. But caring a baby takes even more time then I excepted so I’m the way too busy to write the complicated masters level research works, but GrabMyEssay.com is so-so-so cool! Thank you for that you exist! I don’t know what I would do without you all!
Essay, Education, 15 pages, 8 days, Master's
I am studying and working at the same time and it is difficult to cope with university assignments as I am very tired after the work day. You service is a salvation for me as it helps to do everything on time. I am really happy about it. Wish you everything the best! Especially my lovely writer 109!
Coursework, Religion, 11 pages, 7 days, Master's

We at GrabMyEssay.com

work according to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which means you have the control over your personal data. All payment transactions go through a secure online payment system, thus your Billing information is not stored, saved or available to the Company in any way. Additionally, we guarantee confidentiality and anonymity all throughout your cooperation with our Company.

Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!   Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!   Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!  

Order Now