Eliminating Meningitis across Africa’s Meningitis Belt

High School ・Biology ・MLA ・1 Sources

1. What is Meningitis Belt?

Meningitis belt is the location that is prone to have a high charge of meningitis infections. The region was most centered for the MenAfriVac vaccine to reduce fatalities and future infections. The countries encompass chad, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Ethiopia and in other sub-Saharan African states.

2. Meningitis is an infection which impacts the protective layer of the brain and the spinal cord.

Meningitis is probably to be rapid, and it can hence kill the patient quickly. Common signs and symptoms of meningitis include having a high fever, neck stiffness and additionally a headache. A person acquires meningitis through a viral or a bacterial contamination making the protective membranes of the brain and the spinal cord swell.

3. MenAfriVac is an affordable vaccine against meningitis type A.

The vaccine was tailored for the poor African countries that had a high prevalence of the disease. Following the World Health Organization findings on a suitable vaccine, bill and Melinda gates foundation funded the project by first awarding the organization about $70million to facilitate it. The agency later added $17 million. Other governments, USAID and the Dell foundation also chipped in.

4. Indeed MenAfriVac has been successful after it was implemented in Africa.

The vaccine has saved about 142,000 lives, prevented 284,000 permanent disabilities in the meningitis belt since its inception. The rate of meningitis infections has considerably gone down with no cases having been reported so far of infections for the vaccinated people. Further, the vaccine has also reduced the bacteria that cause meningitis, especially in Chad.

5. From the case study, it is evident that proper planning, research, and coordination can indeed bring a solution to any problem in the African countries.

In this case, the leaders should always support medical research so that they can eradicate the epidemics that are affecting its population and also allow media to have full coverage on the same. It is hence important to invest in one's country and the nationals to safeguard their future.

Work Cited

"Eliminating Meningitis Across Africa’S Meningitis Belt." Millionssaved.Cgdev.Org, 2017, http://millionssaved.cgdev.org/case-studies/eliminating-meningitis-across-africas-meningitis-belt.

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