Ethics and Abortion

Senior (College 4th year) ・Sociology ・MLA ・10 Sources

Abortion and Ethics Outline

The ethical arguments do not have a straightforward answer as to whether abortion is right or wrong. Pro-choice and pro-life views are entirely subjective.

  • According to consequentialialism, an event is right or wrong depending on the outcome. The action should help as many people as possible.
  • According to Kantian Deontologism, acts are right or wrong based on common social norms rather than the action's result.
  • ;Natural Law points out that human beings should make decisions that lead to the flourishing and not destruction.
  • Virtue Ethics explains that human behaviors and actions are either blameworthy or praiseworthy. It also states that decisions can be judged according to the principle of practical wisdom

Issues with Abortion:

  • Rights of the child: At six weeks, the fetus is not fully formed. The fetus does not have a heart. Therefore, the fetus is not yet a child.
  • Rights of the father: Pro-choice ignore the rights of fathers. However, mothers carry the child and, therefore, the child growing inside them affects them directly.

Religious Group Stand on Abortion

  • The world is increasingly becoming secular, and rationality should take precedence over religion in legislation making.
  • Religious groups are unclear about when life begins.
  • Islam: Islam suggest that life begins after the 120th day. Islam permits abortion under special circumstances, such as when the life of the mother is in grave danger.
  • Roman Catholic: The Catholic Church believes that life begins at conception. Therefore, abortion is wrong.
  • Church of England: Human life must be respected and protected absolutely from the moment of conception. Abortion violates respect for life.
  • Hinduism: Hinduism believes in doing the act that would have the least harm to all the involved parties, that is the father, the child, and the fetus. That is to mean that abortion is not permissible under most circumstances.

Methods of Abortion

  • Modern methods of abortion are safe.
  • Medical methods: Mifepristone and Misoprostol, also referred to as RU-486, are used between 7 to 9 weeks of pregnancy. The drug inhibits the production of the progesterone hormone to cut nutrition to the fetus.
  • Surgical methods: Manual Vacuum Aspiration (MVA) is used in the first trimester of the pregnancy, usually, between the 3-12 weeks. It is a less invasive procedure that involves the insertion of a tube through the vagina and the uterus and sucks the fetus.

Abortion Laws Worldwide

  • North America: Abortion is legal in Canada for whichever reason since a Supreme Court ruling in 1088 considered the restrictions against abortion unconstitutional.
  • Latin America: Latin America is predominantly Catholic, and therefore, most countries do not permit abortion, unless to save the mother or in case of rape.
  • Western Europe: Abortion is allowed in most western European countries.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa: The majority of sub-Saharan African countries allow for abortion to save the mother’s life.
  • Asia and the Middle East: Abortion is illegal in most Muslim countries.

Why Abortion Needs to be Legalized

Legalization of abortion would pave way for safer methods of abortion reducing the number of deaths resulting from methods that are not safe. Illegal abortions from unqualified practitioners risk the lives of both the mother and the fetus. Legalization would allow parents to raise children within their financial ability.


Legalization will pave way for safe abortions reducing health risk for the pregnant women. Therefore, couples should have the chance of deciding whether to keep the fetus or not.

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