Federal Government - Congress

High School ・Political Science ・APA ・1 Sources

The Bicameral Legislature

The bicameral legislature refers to two independent government-erected legislative houses or assemblies. The aim of the chambers is to represent the people in the state government and the state legislatures. The influence between the two chambers that work to establish laws is shared. Bicameral assemblies are present in all federal states. The House of Representatives and the Senate are part of the bicameral legislature. There was considerable compromise before the adoption of a bicameral legislature. The major deal included New Jersey and Virginia calling for states to be represented in the national government. New Jersey represented its plan for representation equality of states regardless of their size or population. Virginia's plan wanted the representation of states to be determined by their population. This led to the creation of bicameral legislature where both houses of Congress would take an active part in running the country and assisting in conveying the people demands (Hughes, 2009).

House of Representatives is based on state's population and has 435 representatives. The House of Representatives has delegated powers that can impeach the president. It consists of the upper house and the lower house. The lower house responds to the needs of the people faster because the representatives have a two-year term of serving the people. The House has exclusively delegated mandates such as initiate revenue bills and appoints a president if the Electoral College lacks the numbers (Hughes, 2009).

The Senate

The Senate has two senators regardless of its population. The Senate possess a specific power in the constitution entailing the removal of the president through the trial oversaw by the Chief Justice. The Senate has a six-year term to determine the needs of the state. The Senate has the power to consent to treaties signed by the president and verifies the appointment of Cabinet heads (Hughes, 2009).

Filibuster provides the voice to the minority and ensures their opinions are heard by the Senate before the Senate proceeds to vote. The minority are provided with the mandate to stop legislation and nomination of federal appointments. The Senate halts functioning until the minority opinions are heard and evaluated. Filibuster ensures that despite having the majority of seats in the Senate, they did not get the freedom to execute what they felt comfortable. Filibuster provides unlimited speech in the Senate stopping the Senate function until the minority are done voicing their opinions. A filibuster can only be ended by accumulating sixty votes in the processing known as cloture. Filibuster adds more time to evaluate the issue being voted. The filibuster has maintained its relevancy in blocking and delaying a vote on a particular bill (Hughes, 2009).


Hughes, H. (2009). The U.S. Congress in Twenty Minutes. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1B0f301JJ00&feature=youtu.be

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