Offshore Drilling argument research

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Freshman (College 1st year) ・Environmental Science ・MLA ・5 Sources

Oil is a critical aspect of the global economy, and people depend on it tremendously. This reliance makes it impossible for everyone, even the government, to prohibit offshore drilling (O'Malley,). Even if offshore drilling has some negative environmental consequences, it will help address the US energy shortage, reduce the cost of oil importation and substitute goods, and boost the US and global economies in general.
Offshore drilling has the potential to alleviate the ongoing oil shortage in the United States. According to Bailey in "Offshore Drilling Remains a Risk Worth Taking," the nation is reliant on imported oil, which is insufficient. The insufficient imported oil does not serve the needs of all Americans satisfactorily. Most of the energy that the United States uses is imported as the well in the country cannot satisfy the nation’s needs. The range of the oil estimated in the offshore well could be something close to 62 million barrels (Bailey). This will be crucial in averting the oil crisis in the country. The United States uses 7 billion barrels of oil a year indicating that if the offshore oil is exploited in could serve the country oil demand for the next decade. Furthermore, this will go a long way in reducing the cost of the oil product which is currently high (Fracking Is Harmful to the Environment) (O’Malley). Importantly, offshore drilling has been approved because of the advantages it seems to be impacting in the world economy by reducing the world oil prices. The US is the world’s largest spender of oil products and the second largest importer of oil products. Primarily, the country has been experiencing oil demand and the prices have been increasing over the past few years. What most Americans do not understand is that the nation sits one enough oil to power the United states for the next 250 years. Primarily, it is estimated that the nation sits on 1.4 trillion barrels of oil which could go a long way averting the energy crisis experienced in the country (Davenport). Similarly, the nation has a growing middle class meaning the use of personal care is on the rise compared to the use of public means of transport.

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The US government spends a lot of money on oil transportation annually. Additionally, the country imports by-products of oil. These by oil by-products are equally expensive. The state uses seven billion barrels of oil annually (Bailey). The range of fuel estimates from offshore drilling is expected to be 62 million barrels. The amount of offshore drilling could reduce on the total oil imported. Reduced importation translates to a reduction in the government expenditure in importation in the long run. Offshore drilling is expected to produce 62 million oil barrels annually (Freeman). The produced oil is sufficient enough to produced oil by-products. The oil by-products include petroleum, jet fuel, kerosene, tar, motor oil, Sulphur, gasoline and also diesel fuel. The country will thus have enough oil products for use in the country. O’Malley in the article “Don’t Drill Along the East Coast,” claims that drilling ha more adverse effects than positive ones. However, the oil by-products manufactured will serve the country for a whole century. Everyone in the country will have access to these oil by-products since they will be in plenty in the country (Davenport). Thus, importation on oil by-products will be reduced considerably. The US government spends a lot of money in the transportation of oil and its production from the source country.
Most of the oil is transported by ships and cargo planes. Transporting seven billion of oil spends a lot of time and resources (Bailey). Transportation vessels sometimes experience voyage difficulties. The travel accidents lead to oil spillage into the water bodies. At times, the ships are attacked by pirates who smuggle the products. Thus, offshore drilling will reduce the loss from instances of accidents experienced during oil transportation. Oil produced from within the nation will be more secure against smuggling and accidents. Thus, the government will end up saving more oil products.

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The offshore drilling will provide the government with an asset. The oil will give revenue to the state when it is sold to the citizens. Additionally, excess oil can be exported to foreign nations. Selling locally and exporting will increase revenue pool for the government. Additionally, increased revenue will facilitate the government in meeting its financial needs. Most of the environmentalists argue on a probability basis (Freeman). Like Davenport says in his article "Obama Expected to Ban Offshore Drilling in Some Federal Waters," conservationists overlook the measures that have been put in place to deter oil drilling accidents and their adverse effects. However, increased revenue will improve the US economy (Davenport). Americans spend a lot of money in the purchase of imported oil. The imported oil has high taxes imposed on it by the government. The taxes are meant to compensate for the import duty imposed on the state, hence; the tax burden is passed on to the local citizens. Davenport in "Obama Expected to Ban Offshore Drilling in Some Federal Waters" article argues that offshore drilling in US grounds will thus reduce the oil prices, hence more benefits that effects which might occur. Reduced oil prices mean that people can save more money. Increased savings improves investment which leads to economic growth and increased GDP (Freeman). Thus, the US economy will eventually recover. The world has been experiencing oil price fluctuations. The oil price volatility is caused by global economic instabilities. As indicated by Davenport. Moreover, economic instability in oil source countries affects the US even when their market is a non-factor. Thus, when oil is drilled in the US, the oil price fluctuations will not affect the country. Everyone will have access to the oil products just like normal. Businesses that use oil products directly or indirectly will run smoothly (Davenport). When companies are run smoothly, it translates to economic growth in the country, and the world as a whole.
Even though offshore drilling has some detrimental effects on the environment, the drilling can help solve the energy crisis in the United States, reduce the cost of oil importation and its substituent products as well as improve the US and world’s economy in general. Thus, the environmental regulations should be loosened a bit to allow for the growth of the country and independence in the oil sector which takes up a lot of government and citizens’ resources and money.

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Works Cited

Bailey, Ronald. “Offshore Drilling Remains a Risk Worth Taking.” Oil Spills, edited by Tamara Thompson, Greenhaven Press, 2014. Current Controversies. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010893209/OVIC?u=viva2_nvcc&xid=6a4b067c. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017. Originally published as “Weighing the Benefits & Costs of Offshore Drilling,” Reason Foundation, 4 May 2010.
Davenport, Coral. "Obama Expected To Ban Offshore Drilling In Some Federal Waters." Nytimes.Com, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/19/us/obama-expected-to-ban-offshore-drilling-in-some-federal-waters.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FOffshore%20Drilling%20and%20Exploration&_r=0.
Freeman, Bill. “Fracking Is Not Harmful to the Environment.” The Environment, edited by Lynn M. Zott, Greenhaven Press, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010132406/OVIC?u=viva2_nvcc&xid=795df9b0. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017. Originally published as “Does Fracking Harm the Environment?”, 12 Feb. 2013.
“Fracking Is Harmful to the Environment.” The Environment, edited by Lynn M. Zott, Greenhaven Press, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010132405/OVIC?u=viva2_nvcc&xid=dab72264. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017. Originally published as “Fracking, Climate Change, and the Water Crisis,” Issue Brief, Sept. 2012.
O’Malley, Martin. “Don’t Drill Along the East Coast.” New York Times, 2 Feb. 2015, p. A19(L). Opposing Viewpoints in Context, ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A399692391/OVIC?u=viva2_nvcc&xid=418f1d3c. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017.

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