Proliferation of interest groups

GRABMYESSAY.COM OFFERS TO EVALUATE SAMPLES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF PAPERS
High School ・Political Science ・MLA

Over the years, the United States of America has witnessed an unparalleled spike and development in pressure groups, and this has seen an ideology developed to describe this phenomenon. The principle of the interest group is based on the idea that the conflicting interests that then balance out and bring in good governance will influence government policy (Gilens, and Page 565). Among political scientists, the theory has been very popular and has had positive arguments in its favor among leading economists like Adam Smith and supporters like James Madison (Berry, and Wilcox 10). An interest group can be considered to be a body of persons that have a common policy goal, and through such means as lobbying and petitions, tries to influence government policy on particular issues. It differs with a political party in the sense that it does not try to win a political office. Besides, while they may endorse candidates, they do not run candidates or form government after the elections (Gilens, and Page 565). These bodies represent diverse constituents that are drawn from the professional, economic, racial, religious, and gender factions. Some factors that determine the power of an interest group include its size, the organizational strength, wealth, leadership, internal cohesions and access to the leadership (Berry, and Wilcox 64). The purposes of interest groups are to seek subsidies, special benefits, privileges, and some form of protection from the government. Despite their successes and significance to the democratic governance of the country, they traditionally have a negative tag in America. It cannot be escaped that honest lobbying has yielded far much better governance than dishonest lobbying, but many scholars in political science are now persuaded that dishonest lobbying is better than honest lobbying.

Political scientists have developed two theories that try to explain this phenomenon: Pluralism and Elitism. The pluralist theory supposes that the activities of an interest group bring representation to all because the different groups compete and bring about counterbalance while the elitist approach argues that it is only a few groups, those that are wealthy and have access to power, that controls most of the power (Wilson, DiIulio, and Bose 245). Pluralism is based on the assumption that groups will win sometimes and lose at another time, but no single group will win or lose all the time (Gilens, and Page 567). The proponents of the theory do not refute the fact that some groups are wealthy and stronger than others and therefore, not all groups will get an equal hearing. However, they contend that lobbying must not be a problem because it is open to all. Under this theory, a further assumption held is that all legitimate groups have the ability to influence certain aspects of public policy and that no single group can become too dominant and negate the impact of others (Wilson, DiIulio, and Bose 248). The tenets of the hypothesis are outlined by the adherents who hold that governments are held together by a latent group that gives support to the system, the checks and balances of competition in groups, the building of agenda and the overlapping membership in various factions (Berry, and Wilcox 80). As such, the group leaders and some political scientists believe that this situation is to remain fluid permanently and that no single entity will have lasting victory.

The elitists, on the other hand, believe that real power is in the hands of few groups, individuals, and institutions. They maintain that the government is run by a few big interests that are only looking out for themselves. The advocates of this theory hold that the extreme inequality of power among the interest groups cannot allow the relatively weak groups to have a significant influence on policy (Gilens, and Page 572). The hypothesis further argues that the pluralist theory does not reflect the true state of American politics because the preponderance of power is held by the elites. In this theory, power flows downward, this is a reverse of the democratic theory. The elite successfully manipulate the masses through the exploitation of such symbols as charity and elections. Such huge organizations like the Rockefeller Brothers, Pew, and Ford among others use the acts of philanthropy to reduce the threat of the masses demanding the seizure of money from the wealthy. Some politicians do consider the theory as being beneficial to democracy because they view it as an accurate representation of reality (Wilson, DiIulio, and Bose 256). One of the significant advantages of this theory is based on the consensus that is built among the elites and thus has the ability to avoid conflicts.

In conclusion, while the two theories attempt to describe the reality of American politics and how the interest groups influence public policy, the proliferation of the groups tends to speak more of the pluralist theory. Despite its flaws, the increase in the number of lobby organizations does help in distributing resources to the various organizations. However, in real terms, the elite will still have significant influence in the running of key institutions and governments. The theories have their own merits and demerits, but when the various groups compete, they will all at some point gain which is, in my opinion, good for our democracy.

Read also: Only experienced master paper writers could help you to achieve high results on your essays.

Works Cited

Berry, Jeffrey M., and Clyde Wilcox. The interest group society. Routledge, 2015.

Gilens, Martin, and Benjamin I. Page. "Testing theories of American politics: Elites, interest groups, and average citizens." Perspectives on politics 12.3 (2014): 564-581.

Wilson, James Q., John J. DiIulio Jr, and Meena Bose. American government: Institutions and policies. Cengage Learning, 2016.

Get a price
Academic level
Urgency
Pages *275 words
Total price

Prices that are easy on your wallet

Our experts are ready to do an excellent job starting at $14.99 per page

What Clients Say About Us
Our Customers Rated UsGreat
4.8
Out of 5 Based on 246 Reviews
I experienced difficult times trying to complete huge number of assignments to my university at the same time and you, guys, literally saved me. Everything was done in time and on the highest level! I really appreciate your help.
Edward,
Essay, History, 12 pages, 7 days, Master's
First time when I placed an order with you, I just lacked time to do all the homework and it was a lot going on in my family. But today I’m doing it sometimes just for fun – I really enjoy communicating with your Customer Support members and just letting myself being a bit lazy
Yuong Lo Mui,
Literature review, IT, 17 pages, 4 days, Master's
My GPA is 4.0 and I’ve always been doing everything myself, but there is a class which I was about to fail thus my GPA would decrease first time in so many years. I ordered few assignments to be completed with GrabMyEssay.com and you did a great job! Thanks to you I still remain one of the best students on campus.
Rosalinda,
Essay, Politics, 8 pages, 5 days, Junior
I am not used to such services and I usually write all the papers by myself. But this time I got in a very difficult situation and had to order my paper on this website. To my surprise it appeared to be quite good. Thank you, it is really nice service. Think I'll get back to you soon!
Jeremy,
Thesis, Management, 34 pages, 14 days, Master's
I am on my maternity leave now, so I spend a lot of time at home taking care of my little son. I’ve decided to get one more higher education degree while I’m spending so much time at home and applied for distance learning in one online college. But caring a baby takes even more time then I excepted so I’m the way too busy to write the complicated masters level research works, but GrabMyEssay.com is so-so-so cool! Thank you for that you exist! I don’t know what I would do without you all!
Karen,
Essay, Education, 15 pages, 8 days, Master's
I am studying and working at the same time and it is difficult to cope with university assignments as I am very tired after the work day. You service is a salvation for me as it helps to do everything on time. I am really happy about it. Wish you everything the best! Especially my lovely writer 109!
Desmond,
Coursework, Religion, 11 pages, 7 days, Master's

We at GrabMyEssay.com

work according to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which means you have the control over your personal data. All payment transactions go through a secure online payment system, thus your Billing information is not stored, saved or available to the Company in any way. Additionally, we guarantee confidentiality and anonymity all throughout your cooperation with our Company.

Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!   Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!   Try our service with 15% Discount for your first order!  

Order Now