Sexual orientation based inequality

High School ・Sociology ・APA ・3 Sources

In the current era, it is tough to overrule the fact that many people face discrimination mainly gay men and lesbians throughout the world; some countries even consider the act as taboo. The preceding research assessment focuses on discussing how social problems are handled in sociology. Additionally, the paper will apply sociological methods used in research analysis efficiently applying qualitative, quantitative, primary, and secondary data to conclude increasing cases of sexual discrimination.

As per the premier review journal by Cronin & King (2010), the primary focus of attention is on exploring the diversity of power, inequality, and identifying the inter-sectionality that exists amongst mature LGB adults. According to the two analysts, inter-sectionality was found to be significant in enhancing clear understanding of different ways of lives and experiences by mature lesbians, gay, and bisexual individuals-LGB. The journal applies theories of diversity that are useful in identifying structural drawbacks and their significance that are archived by being a mature LGB adult.

According to the second review journal by Guiffre and Dellinger (2008), the leading topic of concern is the inequality experienced by gay adults in their workplaces. Both the researchers concluded that many lesbians and gay adults suffer increasing discrimination in their respective workplaces. The research conclusion of the study is grounded in its symbolic intersection theory towards sexuality.

The final review journal by Alphonso (2007, p. 21-35), the article is about fighting and eradicating discrimination based on sexuality. The researcher concluded that approximately all lesbian and gay people experienced constant discrimination all through the county and forced to fight for equal protection through the law that allows for the protection of LGB rights.

The three journal reviews share common characteristics of increasing discrimination that is encountered by both young and old LGB individuals regardless of their livings status. Some researchers urge that human sexuality is often organized through religious, economic, social, familial, and political conditions (Plummer, 2004, pp. 514-517). Researchers who utilize this perspective managed to identify the relationship of heterosexuality and its privilege in the production of the workplace. The sexuality and organization approach by Parkin and Hearn (1987) discovered three ways in which heterosexuality is institutionalized in work environments. Additionally, the method has been applied to several work areas that include government, corporate, semi-professional, and professional offices (Hall, 1986).

In the journal by Guiffre et al., (2008), the significant findings discovered was that several participants reported instances of discrimination and homophobia in their respective work environments. Covertly, other participants stated that they were open about their sexuality and some were accepted for it. The method used by Guiffre in his research finding comprised of interviewing sixteen men and women from diverse backgrounds and occupation. The interview consisted of semi-structured questions, mainly open-ended, about working in ‘gay-friendly' organizations.

According to Alphonso's journal (2007), the method used for research involved the survey that showed that up to 44 percent of lesbian and gay employees who have experienced discrimination at some point in their career. The main methodological limitation of the survey is that it is not ideal for current issues and existing questions that bare controversies become challenging to solve.

The three articles are vital, and a better understanding needs to be put forth to help minimize the increasing cases of sexual discrimination that exists in work environments. Consecutively, the articles help to create a better understanding of living sexuality classes. ‘Gay-friendly' work environments have materialized over the last decade as societal discrimination against lesbians, and gay has been minimized (Seidman, 2002). In comparison to the ‘closest' encounter, all the participants who were interviewed were open about their identity. All the three journal reviews are against the discrimination of individuals regardless of their sexual status. The likely question to be asked to peers would be how effective can sexual identification, inequality, and power is utilized to help reduce the rising cases of sexual discrimination in work environments.


Alphonso, D., (2007) “Fighting discrimination based on Sexual Discrimination,” American Bar Association, (34), pp. 31-35, Retrieved

Cronin, A., & King, A., (2010) “Power, Inequality, and Identification: Exploring Diversity and Inter-sectionality among Mature LGB Adults,” 44 (5), pp. 876-892, Retrieved from

Guiffre et al., (2008) “No Retribution for being gay? Inequality in ‘Gay-Friendly’ workplaces” (28), pp. 245-277

Seidman, S., (1995) “the Deconstructing Queer Theory,” pp. 116-141, Cambridge; Cambridge University Press


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