The House of the Queen v. Bauhaus Art School

High School ・Architecture ・MLA ・2 Sources

The study of ancient architecture suggests that architecture has undergone several periods in the style in its design, and each of these stylistic periods have their own unique features. Buildings from different periods of styles are compared in other to understand more about their style periods. For this study, the buildings to be compare are Queen’s House, Greenwich designed by Inigo Jones and Bauhaus, Art school, Dessau designed by Walter Gropius. Queen’s house was built around 1616-1619 and the art school was built about 300 years later within 1925-1926, hence the buildings came around in two different stylistic periods i.e the classical and modernism. Various aspects like their walls, windows and floor plans are studied for a deep analysis of each of building.
The Queen’s House is still considered as one of the most remarkable buildings in the world. This form of acknowledgment is based on its adoption of a conventional red-brick Tudor building style at the time it was completed. The Queen’s House is the first Classical building in the entire Britain. It remains one of the most significant buildings in the entire country of Britain.
There is need to point out that the Queen’s House of the classical stylistic period and Bauhaus Art School of the modernism stylistic periods of architecture clearly features striking and undeniable differences. The design of the Bauhaus Art School building hints at a futuristic style and depicts more similarities to the International Style than it does to the Neo-classical style (Sveiven, 1). Its plan features the extensive facilities in the building fused together in a pinwheel pattern. On the other hand, the plan of the Queen’s House shows no particular similarity with Bauhaus Art School plan. The Bauhaus Art School’s plan looks like airplane propellers which are mostly made in the neighboring areas of Dessau. The building is made up of three wings which are all connected through bridges, (Sveiven, 1).
The windows of Bauhaus Art School were made up of glazing, while the Queens House has small windows with no glazing at all. The building’s skeleton at the Bauhaus Art School was made of reinforced concrete and brickwork which could be considered as one of the primary features of the modern buildings. On the other hand, the Queen’s House has wide brick walls with no concrete skeleton. Finally, the workshop, which is part of the building, features a large curtain window façade which later was an integral part of the design of the building, these wide windows that allow sunlight into the building.
The interior features a hall, parlors, round stairs, the South passage and the House orangery among others. Like Bauhaus Art School building, the Queen’s House is also made of bricks but unlike Dessau’s, it is rusticated with stones up to the first floor. In the building, all the external walls above what is referred to as the string-course are brick-work. The seven windows of the Queen’s House first floor all have a molded sill (Chettle, 22). The space between the windows is not pleasing, as a result of the alteration of time from 1662 till date. Compared to the windows in Bauhaus Art School building, the windows in the Queen’s House are smaller though they light up the rooms including the mezzanine rooms. While Walter Gropius’ Dessau building features a simple glazed window, the Queens House has windows that bear lots of decorations. The stone carvings on the windows are a clear depiction of art and how important the art was at the time of the building’s construction. Although initially, the bricks making up parts of the wall were previously visible; these bricks have been covered with the continuous efforts to repair the building so as to maintain its shape (Chettle).

Works Cited

Chettle, George H. "Architectural description." Survey of London Monograph 14, the Queen's House, Greenwich. London: Guild & School of Handicraft, 1937. 59-83. British History Online. Web. 18 May 2017.
Sveiven, Megan. AD Classics: Dessau Bauhaus / Walter Gropius. 10 November 2010. Web. 17 May 2017.

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