The Pacific Realm

Freshman (College 1st year) ・Geography ・MLA ・2 Sources

The Pacific Realm occupies a more significant proportion of the Earth's surface while also containing a smaller proportion of the world's population and land. It has slightly more than ten million people and is just 375,000 square miles in size. The Pacific Realm is politically exposed, and it is made up of an enormous chain of smaller islands that are culturally and geologically isolated from the rest of the world. Based on their location, the local population, and the physical geography of the region, the Pacific Realm is divided into three main groups of islands based on the location, the local inhabitants, and the physical geography of the region, they are named as follows; Micronesia, Polynesia, and Melanesia. Each of these regions represents a series of chains of islands. Among the three regions Melanesia has the largest land mass as well as the population, and this because it includes the politically separate island of Papua West Guinea also known as New Guinea or Irian Jaya which is a province of Indonesia.

When talking of the Pacific Realm of the political geography it should be noted that the question specifies ‘realm’ which is different from ‘rim’, a term that gives a much more geographically restrained description. Pacific Realm is very much varied given its history of colonization (Oliver & Douglas p. 24). According to its history, at the time of the ice age, the migrations that occurred over the ice were able to influence the patterns of the human movements and it disappeared with the ice. From the sixteenth century to twentieth century, the effects of colonization to the islands of the Pacific Realm come up with the political of the westerners that influenced the political geography as well as the indigenous culture of the people in that region. Today, the region has a mixture of more modern Westerner Political Philosophies, ancient tribal as well as clan relationships (Oliver & Douglas p. 26).

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The largest region of the Micronesia islands locations is to the northern side of Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. The name depicts the smaller sizes of islands of up to one square mile in real area. The islands are numerous in number- more than two thousand islands. However, majority of the island are of coral and are mostly reaching below the sea level. The low islands therefore dominate the Micronesia chain of islands (Oliver & Douglas p. 25). Most of the high islands originated from the volcanic activities and are high as thousand feet. The major ones include Guam, Gilbert Islands, Wake Islands, Nauru, and Palau among others.

The geographical politics of the Micronesia shows the United State relationship to the archipelago. The structure of their constitution is similar to that of its much larger and more powerful patron. This relationship is institutionalized through Compact of Free Association to the United States Fischer & Steven p.250).


The Melanesia region location is to the Pacific north of Australia and it borders the Indonesia to the Eastern side. The name depicts the indigenous people with the darker skin however, it does not describe adequately the region and its present ethnic diversity (Oliver & Douglas p. 29). The major chain of island includes Vanuatu, Fiji, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, and Solomon Islands. Other than New Caledonia which is under the control of the Government of France, the rest of the mentioned island groups are independent countries. It is important to note that New Guinea Islands are shared between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. In addition, majority of the islands to the east of Indonesia has same characteristics however, they are not counted as part of the Melanesia (Oliver & Douglas p. 33).

Contrary to Micronesia, political culture of Melanesia has remained closely tied to the history of Melanesia and it exhibit greater diversity of linguistic levels as well as deeper division of socials. According to Oliver & Douglas (27), deeper social divisions of Melanesia could possibly be a product of its geographical inaccessible history. Melanesia's history as an arranging ground for military operations amid World War II and the persisting legacy of presentation to Western political standards has joined into its legislative issues an unpredictable stew of impacts (Oliver & Douglas p. 30). The real division into Austronesians and Papuans darkens the considerably more prominent level of ethnic and social assorted qualities that exists. Essentially understanding the political topography of Fiji is sufficiently troublesome; getting a handle on the political geology of the whole of the area is an assignment of gigantic extents (Fischer & Steven p 257).

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Polynesia is the largest of the entire Pacific region and as the name depict, it is a region of numerous chain of islands having larger distances among them. Polynesia consists of the Eastern Islands to the east, Hawaiian Islands to the north and Pitcairn Islands at the centre.

The Polynesia has varied types of island that ranges from coral atolls emerging a few feet above the sea level to high mountains of over 13,800 feet like Hawaii Mountain. Human habitation as well as development is quite difficult due to lack of adequate fresh water and natural resources. However, the region enjoys worm climate and beautiful sceneries of the sea (Fischer & Steven p.262).

The culture of the Polynesian originates from natural resources of the island such as farming, fishing, and other sea activities. France who is the colonial patron of the Polynesia has great influence on the political geography of the region. It retains the function of the colonial overlord over Polynesia chain of island, however the geographical proximity greatly affect the France ability to have full control of the political activities in the region (Fischer & Steven p.269).

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Works Cited

Fischer, Steven R. "Reinventing Pacific Islands." A History of the Pacific Islands, 2013, pp.237-275.

Oliver, Douglas L.Oceania: the native cultures of Australia and the Pacific Islands. Vol. 1. University of Hawaii Press, 2014, pp. 23-34

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