Dissonance theory

Junior (College 3rd year) ・Philosophy ・APA

One of the most important points made by the authors in this article is that dissonance theory and self-perception theory should be viewed as complementing rather than competing theories. This is an important part of any theory because it is intended to serve as a foundation for comprehending a psychological phenomenon. It is vital that these two fundamental psychological ideas do not compete with one another, but rather complement one another.

This is significant in this case because Dissonance theory is concerned with the existence of drive-like motivation in order to keep the relevant cognitions consistent. On the other hand, the article clearly outlines that self-perception theory concerns itself with the passive inference of the behavioral attitudinal disposition. Making these two important theories not to be in competition with one another makes it possible to build on both of them and also makes it easy for social psychologists not to be torn between which theory to endorse when addressing a psychological phenomenon.

Using data gathered from an experiment, the article is able to call a truce between self-perception and dissonance theorists. What comes out clearly from Fazio, Zanna, and Cooper is that within the proper domains of their applications, each of the two theories is superior to each other. However, when taken in general, no such relative superiority exists. In other words, neither of the two theories is capable of explaining all the data and results that the study carried out. Ultimately, both the two theories provide social psychology theorists with convincing and provocative explanations of the impact of overt attitudes and behavior.

The study of behavior and attitudes is important among psychologists and the example of the signing of a petition on the legalization of marijuana clearly demonstrates the complementary nature of the two theories in play. What emerges is that performance of behavior within the rejection behavioral latitude often leads to dissonance-induced attitude change. Hence, for a person who supports the legalization of marijuana, it would be within their latitude of acceptance in signing a petition to the legalization of marijuana, therefore evoking a process of self-perception.

Marching on the state capital, on the other hand, will often fall within that person's rejection latitude, producing dissonance as a result. This is a vital example applied in the study of behavior because it is a well-known phenomenon and one that resonates well with almost everyone. What emerges is that even though the endorsed position for the two behaviors is identical, the two processes occur.

Connection with Lectures

The behavioral attitudes explored by this article are critical in understanding the study of the person and Freudian Theory that we have examined in the lectures. For example, it is instrumental in answering the question "what do we know when we know a person?" this is an important question is the study of a person. Using this article and the consequent two theories, it gives a glimpse into how to help in arriving at this important question and answering it.

Having an experiment on the subject makes it not only more elaborate but also exciting. The article also contributes to my understanding of the Freudian Theory. The two theories are essential in emphasizing the importance of the unconscious mind. In anticipating one's behavior, the two theories examined by the article do contribute to anticipating the unconscious mind to a greater degree.

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